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First and foremost, alcohol is a depressant and a mood altering drug. There are several tell tell signs of alcohol abuse, it starts when a person starts to drink socially or to unwind with a glass of wine during dinner. But there comes a line that is crossed where abuse comes into play and the drinker is at risk of harming themselves and others around them. Alcohol abuse has become a serious problem in this society. According to WebMD, 30% of U.S. adults have experienced alcohol abuse or alcoholism.

Alcohol Poisoning
It's not always easy to discern if someone is succumbing to alcohol poisoning. Signs to look for include mental confusion, stupor, coma or the person can not be roused after passing out. Other signs are vomiting, seizures, hypothermia, slow and irregular breathing, and/or the heart slowing down or stopping.
Alcohol depresses the the nerves which control involuntary actions such as breathing and the gag reflex which accounts for asphyxiation caused by chocking on vomit. It's common for the body to vomit after excessive drinking as the alcohol is an irritant to the stomach.
Another danger is assuming the person will sleep it off. Unfortunately, alcohol continues to enter the bloodstream through the stomach and the intestines even after the person stops drinking.
Even if the person survives, they may suffer irreversible brain damage. If you suspect alcohol poisoning, call 9-1-1.
 
Tolerance
After chronic consumption, the drinker often develops tolerance to some of the effects of alcohol. There are many different categories of tolerance such as Functional Tolerance, Acute Tolerance, Environmental Tolerance, Learned Tolerance and Metabolic Tolerance. While you can do more research on the different types of tolerance, the main point is that the drinker may be fooled into a false sense of security that they are "handling" the effects of alcohol and so continue to drink more and more to achieve the same buzz.
Wear and Tear
According to the Do It Now Foundation, 12-ounce bottle of beer contains about the same amount of alcohol as a shot of 86-proof whiskey or a highball or a six-ounce glass of wine. That's why you can always drink too much, whether you're drinking draft beer or shots of tequila or piña coladas with little umbrellas on the side. And while most people seem to think that distilled liquors, like bourbon or gin or vodka, pose the most risk, health-wise, all types of alcohol produce similar wear and tear on the body if you drink enough.
FASD
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder (FASD) is an umbrella term which refers to the range of effects which can occur in the individual whose mother drank alcohol during her pregnancy. According to the Department of Health and Human Services, as many as 40,000 babies are born with an FASD each year. Possible effects of FASD include: brain damage; facial anomalies; growth deficiencies; vision and hearing problems; dental abnormalities; defects to the kidneys, heart and liver; and skeletal defects.


If you're worried about your alcohol consumption, then that really is all you need to know.
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